Visual Information Processing and Protection Group

Journal Publications


M.Barni, Q-T.Phan, B. Tondi,
Copy Move Source-Target Disambiguation through Multi- Branch CNNs, submitted to IEEE Transactions on Information Forensics and Security, 2020 (under major revision)
Source Code released here.
X.Shi, B. Tondi, B.Li, M.Barni,
CNN-based Steganalysis and Parametric Adversarial Embedding: a Game-Theoretic Framework, submitted to Elsevier Signal Processing: Image Communication. 

B.Zhang, B. Tondi, M.Barni
Attacking CNN-based anti-spoofing face authentication in the physical domain, submitted to the Elsevier Journal on Computer Vision and Image Understanding (under major revision). 

B. Tondi, M.Barni,
On the adversarial robustness of DNNs based on error correcting output codes, submitted to IET Electronics Letters, March 2020. 


Y. Niu, B. Tondi, Y. Zhao, M. Barni
Primary Quantization Matrix Estimation of Double Compressed JPEG Images via CNNIEEE Signal Processing Letters, December 2019
B. Tondi, N. Merhav, M. Barni
Detection Games Under Fully Active AdversariesEntropy 2019, 21, 23. 
M.Barni, E. Nowroozi, B. Tondi,
Improving the Security of Image Manipulation Detection through One-and-a-half-class Multiple Classification, Multimedia Tools and Applications, Springer, 2019.
Z. Chen, B. Tondi, X. Li, R. Ni, Y. Zhao, M. Barni
Secure Detection of Image Manipulation by means of Random Feature SelectionIEEE Transactions on Information Forensics and Security, Vol 14, Issue 9, September 2019.


M. Barni, H. Santoyo Garcia, B. Tondi.
An Improved Statistic for the Pooled Triangle Test against PRNU-Copy AttackIEEE Signal Processing Letters, Vol. 25, Issue 10 Oct 2018.
M. Barni, B. Tondi.
Adversarial Source Identification Game with Corrupted TrainingIEEE Transactions on Information Theory, Vol. 64, No. 5, May 2018.
A. Abrardo, M. Barni, K. Kallas, B. Tondi.
A Message Passing Approach for Decision Fusion in Adversarial Multi-Sensor NetworksInformation Fusion Journal, Elsevier, Vol.40, March 2018, Pages 101–111.


M. Barni, L. Bondi, N. Bonettini, P. Bestagini, A. Costanzo, M. Maggini, B. Tondi, S. Tubaro,
Aligned and non-aligned double JPEG detection using convolutional neural networksJournal of Visual Communication and Image Representation, Elsevier, Vol. 49, 2017, pp 153-163.
B. Tondi, P. Comesana-Alfaro, F. Perez-Gonzalez, M. Barni
Smart Detection of line Search Oracle AttacksIEEE Transactions on Information Forensics and Security, Vol. 12,  Issue 3 , pp 588 - 603, DOI: 10.1109/TIFS.2016.2624280, March 2017


M. Barni, B. Tondi
Source Distinguishability Under Distortion-Limited Attack: an Optimal Transport PerspectiveIEEE Transactions on Information Forensics and Security, vol. 11, no. 10, 2016, pp. 2145-2159, doi:10.1109/TIFS.2016.2570739.
A. Abrardo, M. Barni, K. Kallas, B. Tondi
A Game-Theoretic Framework for Decision Fusion in the Presence of ByzantinesIEEE Transactions on Information Forensics and Security, vol. 11, no. 6, 2016, pp. 1333-1345, doi:10.1109/TIFS.2016.2526963.


M. Barni, G. Droandi, R. Lazzeretti
Privacy protection in biometric-based recognition systems: A marriage between cryptography and signal processingIEEE Signal Processing Magazine, vol. 32, no. 5, pp. 66 - 76, 2015


M. Barni, B. Tondi
Binary Hypothesis Testing Game with Training Data, IEEE Transactions on Information Theory, vol. 60, no. 8, 2014, pp. 4848-4866, doi:10.1109/TIT.2014.2325571.
A. Costanzo, I. Amerini, R. Caldelli, M. Barni
Forensic analysis of SIFT keypoint removal and injectionIEEE Transactions on Information Forensics and Security, Vol. 9, No. 9, pp. 1450 - 1464, IEEE, 2014
D. Dupplaw, M. Matthews, R. Johansson, G. Boato, A. Costanzo, M, Fontani, E. Minack, E. Demidova, R. Blanco, T. Griffiths and others
Information extraction from multimedia web documents: an open-source platform and testbedInternational Journal of Multimedia Information Retrieval, Vol. 3, No. 2, pp. 97 - 111, Springer, 2014.


M. Fontani, T. Bianchi, A. De Rosa, A. Piva, M. Barni
A Forensic Tool for Investigating Image ForgeriesInternational Journal of Digital Crime and Forensics, vol. 5, no. 4, 2013, pp. 15-33, doi:10.4018/ijdcf.2013100102.
I. Amerini, M. Barni, R. Caldelli, A. Costanzo
Counter-forensics of SIFT-based copy-move detection by means of keypoint classificationJournal on Image and Video Processing, 2013(1):18, EURASIP, 2013.
I. Amerini, M. Barni, R. Caldelli, A. Costanzo
Removal and injection of keypoints for SIFT-based copy-move counter-forensicsJournal on Information Security, 2013:8, EURASIP, 2013.

M. Barni, M. Fontani, B. Tondi
A Universal Attack Against Histogram-Based Image ForensicsInternational Journal of Digital Crime and Forensics (IJDCF), IGI Global, USA, Vol. 5, no. 3, 2013.
M. Barni, B. Tondi
The Source Identification Game: an Information Theoretic Perspective, IEEE Transactions on Information Forensics and Security, Vol. 8, no. 3, pp 450-463, March 2013.
M. Fontani, T. Bianchi, A. De Rosa, A. Piva, M. Barni
A Framework for Decision Fusion in Image Forensics based on Dempster-Shafer Theory of EvidenceIEEE Transactions on Information Forensics and Security, Vol. 8, no. 4, pp. 593-607, 2013.


S. Milani, M. Fontani, P. Bestagini, M. Barni, A. Piva, M. Tagliasacchi, S. Tubaro
An Overview on Video ForensicsAPSIPA Trans. on Signal and Information Processing, 1, e2, doi:
M. Barni, A. Costanzo,
A Fuzzy Approach to Deal with Uncertainty in Image ForensicsSignal Processing: Image Communication 27 (2012), pp. 998-1010, DOI information: 10.1016/j.image.2012.07.006
S. Kamdem Kuiteing, M.Barni, A. Abrardo, G. Coluccia, E. Magli
Progressive compressed sensing and reconstruction of multidimensional signals using hybrid transform/prediction sparsity model,
IEEE Journal on Emergin and Selected Topics in Circuits and Systems, Aug. 2012
K. Kim, M. Barni, D. Prattichizzo, Hong Z. Tan,
Visuohaptic Discrimination of 3D Gross Shape, Seeing Perceiving. 2012;25(3-4):351-64. doi: 10.1163/187847612X629937. Epub 2012 Mar 27.


M. Barni, P. Failla, R. Lazzeretti, A-R. Sadeghi, T. Schneider,
Privacy-Preserving ECG Classification with Branching Programs and Neural NetworksIEEE Trans. on Information Forensics and Security, vol. 6, no. 2, June 2011, pp. 452-468.


K. Kim, M. Barni, H. Z. Tan,
Roughness-Adaptive 3D Watermarking Based on Masking Effect of Surface Roughness, IEEE Transactions on Information Forensics and Security, vol. 5, no. 4, December 2010, pp. 721-733.
P. Comesana, N. Merhav, M. Barni,
Asymptotically Optimum Universal Watermark Embedding and Detection in the High SNR RegimeIEEE Transactions on Information Theory, vol. 56, no. 6, June 2010, pp. 2804-2815.
A. Abrardo, M. Barni, E. Magli, F. Nencini,
Error-resilient and low-complexity onboard lossless compression of hyperspectral images by means of distributed source codingIEEE Transactions ont Geoscience and Remote Sensing, vol. 48, no. 4, Part:1, April 2010, pp. 1892-1904.
T. Bianchi, A. Piva, M. Barni,
Composite Signal Representation for Fast and Storage-Efficient Processing of Encrypted SignalsIEEE Transactions on Information Forensics and Security, vol. 5, no. 1, March 2010, pp. 180-187.
A. D’Angelo, L. Zhaoping, M. Barni,
A full reference quality metric for geometrically distorted images, IEEE Transactions on Image Processing, vol. 19, no. 4, April 2010, pp. 867-881.


G. Cancelli, M. Barni,
MPSteg-color: data hiding through redundant basis decompositionIEEE Transactions on Information Forensics and Security, vol. 4 no. 3, September 2009, pp. 346-358.

T. Bianchi, A. Piva, M. Barni,

Implementing the Discrete Fourier Transform in the encrypted domainIEEE Transactions on Information Forensics and Security, vol. 4 no. 1, March 2009, pp. 86-97

T. Bianchi, A. Piva, M. Barni,
Encrypted Domain DCT based on Homomorphic CryptosystemsEURASIP Journal on Information Security, vol. 2009, Article ID 716357, 12 pages, 2009, doi:10.1155/2009/716357.


A. D'Angelo, M. Barni, and N. Merhav,
Stochastic Image Warping for Improved Watermark DesynchronizationEURASIP Journal on Information Security, vol. 2008, Article ID 345184, 14 pages, 2008. doi:10.1155/2008/345184.


C. Orlandi, A. Piva, and M. Barni,
Oblivious Neural Network Computing via Homomorphic EncryptionEURASIP Journal on Information Security, vol. 2007, Article ID 37343, 11 pages, 2007. doi:10.1155/2007/37343
A. Piva and M. Barni,
Design and Analysis of the First BOWS ContestEURASIP Journal on Information Security, vol. 2007, Article ID 98684, 8 pages, 2007. doi:10.1155/2007/98684
Z. Erkin, A. Piva, S. Katzenbeisser, R. L. Lagendijk, J. Shokrollahi, G. Neven, and M. Barni,
Protection and Retrieval of Encrypted Multimedia Content: When Cryptography Meets Signal ProcessingEURASIP Journal on Information Security, vol. 2007, Article ID 78943, 20 pages, 2007. doi:10.1155/2007/78943
D. Prattichizzo, M. Barni, G. Menegaz, A. Formaglio, H. Z. Tan, S. Choi,
Perceptual issues in haptic digital watermarkingIEEE Multimedia Magazine, vol. 14, no.3, July/September 2007, pp. 84-91.
E. Magli, M. Barni, A. Abrardo, M. Grangetto,
Distributed Source Coding Techniques for Lossless Compression of Hyperspectral ImagesEURASIP Journal on Advances in Signal Processing, vol. 2007, Article ID 45493, 13 pages, 2007
M. Corsini, E. Drelie Gelasca, T. Ebrahimi, M. Barni,
Watermarked 3D Mesh Quality Assessment, IEEE Transactions on Multimedia, vol. 9. no. 2, February 2007, pp. 247-256


R. Caldelli, F. Filippini, M. Barni,
Joint near-lossless compression and watermarking of still images for authentication and tamper localization, Signal Processing: Image Communication, Vol. 21, no. 10, November 2006, pp. 890-903
A. Abrardo, M. Barni, F. Perez-Gonzalez, C. Mosquera,
Improving the Performance of RDM Watermarking by Means of Trellis Coded QuantizationIEEE Proceedings on Information Security, vol. 153, no. 3, September 2006, pp. 107-114.


F. Perez-Gonzalez, C. Mosquera, M. Barni, A. Abrardo,
Rational dither modulation: a high-rate data-hiding method invariant to gain attacks,IEEE Trans. on Signal Processing, vol. 53, no. 10, Part 2, pp. 3960-3975, October 2005.
A. Piva, M. Barni, F. Bartolini, A. De Rosa,
Data hiding technologies for digital radiographiesIEEE Proc. on Vision, Image & Signal Processing, vol. 152, no. 5, pp. 604-610, October 2005.
M. Barni, A. Pelagotti, A. Piva,
Image processing for the analysis and conservation of paintings: opportunities and challenges, IEEE Signal Processing Magazine, vol. 22, no. 5, pp. 141-144, September 2005
M. Barni,
Effectiveness of exhaustive search ant template matching against watermark de-synchronizationIEEE Signal Processing Letters, vol. 12, no. 2, February 2005, pp. 158-161.
A. Abrardo, M. Barni,
Informed watermarking by means of orthogonal and quasi-orthogonal dirty paper codingIEEE Trans. on Signal Processing, vol. 53, no.2, February 2005, pp. 824-833.
M.Barni, F.Bartolini, N.Checcacci,
Watermarking of MPEG-4 video objects, IEEE Transactions on Multimedia, vol. 7, no. 1, February 2005, pp. 23-32. 


F. Bartolini, M. Barni, A. Piva,
Performance analysis of ST-DM watermarking in presence of non-additive attacksIEEE Trans. on Signal Processing, vol. 52, no. 10, October 2004, pp. 2965-2974.
M.Barni, F. Bartolini,
Data hiding for fighting piracyIEEE Signal Processing Magazine, vol. 21, no. 2, March 2004, pp. 28-39.


M.Barni, F.Bartolini, T.Furon
A general framework for robust watermarking securitySignal Processing, vol. 83, no. 10, pp. 2069-2084, October 2003
V. Cappellini, M. Barni, M. Corsini, A. De Rosa, A. Piva,
ArtShop: an art-oriented image-processing tool for cultural heritage applicationsJ. Visual. Comput. Animat. 2003; 14, pp. 1-10.
M.Barni, F.Bartolini, A.De Rosa, A. Piva,
Optimum decoding and detection of multiplicative watermarksIEEE Trans. on Signal Processing, vol. 51, no. 4, April 2003, pp. 1118-1123.

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